Enzymes Explained

The skincare industry has always been strongly influenced by nature and superfoods. So, it’s no wonder why we see ingredients like anti-oxidants, vitamins and enzymes on the back of pack! We know how they work internally, but how exactly do enzymes benefit our skin?

What is an enzyme?

Enzymes are protein molecules that facilitates a chemical reaction. In skincare products, enzymes used are usually derived from natural sources such as fruits and plants and formulated to achieve the desired result.

How are enzymes used in skin care?

Enzymes are most commonly known for their retexturizing properties but the benefits don’t stop there.

The epidermis, or top layer of skin, is mostly made of dead skin cells. Fruit enzymes including Bromelain, from pineapple and Papain, from papaya, are rich in alpha hydroxy acids (AHA’s). AHA’s work enzymatically to exfoliate, allowing dead skin cells to slough off more easily, revealing a smoother, more vibrant looking skin. Enzymatic exfoliation is considered a much gentler form of exfoliation than mechanical, making it more suitable for all skin types.

While some enzymes are effective in exfoliating the skin, others have strong protective and restorative properties. Not only do these enzymes protect the skin from external free radical damage, they also help support the skin’s natural recovery process. [1]

These kinds of enzymes, like hyaluronic acid are naturally occurring in the body, however as we age these enzymes begin to decline, impacting the body’s ability to recover post exposure to external free radicals.[2] For this reason, it is important to replace these enzymes in the skin. Natural sources of these enzymes, including Blue Algae, Plankton and Mustard Seed, have the incredible ability to repair themselves after being exposed to harsh external environments including UV and pollution. These enzymes are commonly used in skincare, including Aspect’s Super PD Complex, because they are safe and help to support the skin’s natural recovery process.[3]

Enzymes are known to be very susceptible to different chemical environments and therefore can become unstable in skincare products if not formulated correctly. This means the delivery system is extremely important when formulating with these powerful ingredients. In Aspect Super PD Serum, the plant derived enzymes are delivered utilising Liposome Technology. Liposome Technology stabilises enzymes by encapsulating them in oil soluble particles to ensure gentle delivery to the skin.[4]

Aspect Product Range with Enzymes

Why do I need them in my regime?

With the use of unique delivery systems and the power of nature, enzymes help to optimise skin’s natural barrier function and recovery process to help super charge the results of any skincare regime!


[1] DNA repair enzymes: an important role in skin cancer prevention and reversal of photodamage–a review of the literature. J Drugs Dermatol. 2015 Mar;14(3):297-303.
[2] What really declines with age?: The Hayflick Lecture for 2006 35th American Aging Association. Age (Dordr). 2007 Mar; 29(1): 1–14.
[3] https://www.rndsystems.com/products/dna-damage-repair-enzymes
[4] Liposomal Encapsulation Enzymes: From Medical Applications to Kinetic Characteristics. Mini Rev Med Chem. 2017;17(4):366-370.